Pre-Feudal Scots (846-1124 AD)
|3Cv or 3Kn (after 1051 AD) or 4Wb (before 1052 AD)||Commander in Chief (King or Duke) and Nobles|
|2LH||Lesser horse and retainers.|
|4Wb||Scottish Thegns with Viking-style arms/equipment|
|3Sp||Clansmen with long spears|
|3Wb||"Wild" Galwegian allies with axe or sword|
|2Ps||Skirmishers with javelin or bow|
With low aggression, the arable Scots will be required to field a BUA more often than not. "Royal" castles such as those at Scone, Sterling or Edinburgh are good subjects for BUAs, although most of the famous Scottish castles were built or extensively expanded/remodelled in the 14th-17th centuries. More typical BUAs might be less imposing fortifications (e.g. a square or round tower keep (a.k.a. peel or pele) or simple pallisaded village). A camp would consist of typical baggage, possibly including wagons/ox-carts, pigs, etc. For something more distinctive, you can try depicting MacBeth consulting the witches (Feudal Castings sells suitable specialty figures).
Chris Brantley's Essex Pre-Feudal Scots
In order to field a Pre-Feudal Scot army (a & b) with all options, you will need 3 cavalry figures (including a CnC), 3 knight figures (including a CnC, alhough the cavalry element can do double-duty as knights if you wish to economise), 14 warband figures (including a CnC and 7 other better equipped figures suitable as thegns), 2 light horse figures, 21 spearman (with long spears), and 4 skirmishers (bow or javelin-armed).
In 15mm, Clay Shaw's Feudal Castings from Scotland are highly recommended, with figures specifically designed for this period. Donnington offers several appropriate figures in their Early Medieval European range, including a Scottish knight (MC21), various Islemen (MF29, MF33, MF42, MF56), Scots swordsmen (MF48) and axemen (MF49 ), Scots thegn ( MF52), and Galwegian foot/skirmishers (MF54, MF55). Donnington's Scots Common spearmen can be used in pinch, as well as period Irish, Viking, and even some Norman figures from Donnington, Gladiator, Old Glory15s and other makers. Essex recommends their Early Saxon figures (SXA5 & 6) for Scots "wild" warband and psiloi respectively, and their medieval range for thegns (MID50), spear (MID96), and Light Horse (MID18). Some of the new Essex Dark Ages foot (DGS series) may also be suitable. Essex MID96 spear mixes well with the Feudal Castings spear for variety. Gallia's Feudals range includes Scots spearmen, axemen, and swordsmen although these seem to be designed for the circa 1250 AD period. Similarly, Irregular offers Irish/Scottish light cavalry (R29), foot (HR30) and spear (HR31) in their medieval range.
In 25mm, Old Glory's "Somerled" range offers some excellent choices especially suitable for the early (9th century) Scots. Otherwise you will have to scavenge appropriate figures from other ranges, such as Foundry's Vikings and Early Medieval/Baron's Wars ranges.
The following period histories are available in the De Bellis Bookstore:
Alba: Celtic Scotland in the Medieval Era by Edward Cowen and Andrew MacDonald, eds., (Tuckwell Press, 2001). 282 pages.
Lost Kingdoms: Celtic Scotland and the Middle Ages by John L. Roberts, (Edinburgh Univ. Press, 1997). 224 pages, softcover.
Somerled: And the Emergence of Gaelic Scotland by John Marsen, (Tuckwell Press, 2001). 212 pages, softcover.
Comments, questions or suggested additions to this page can be sent to Chris Brantley, IamFanaticus@gmail.com.
Last Updated: July 30, 2001