Inca (1438 AD - 1534 AD)
|Lit||This is the general's element. It represents the Sapa Inca being carried on the pillco rampa (scarlet litter) surrounded by his noble warriors. Alternatively it could be represented by the Inca general on foot, followed by a sacred huaca or mummy bundle being carried on a litter. Remember that Litters differ from normal Warwagons in that they don't shoot.|
|4Ax||Regular Inca warriors armed with spear, mace and/or sling.|
|3/4Ax||Either regular Inca warriors as above, or irregular Quechua or Aymara tribesmen similarly armed.|
|2Ps||Irregular Quechua or Aymara skirmishers armed with sling. Alternatives could be Antisuyu (Amazonian) troops with bow, or Colla warriors with bola.|
|5Wb||Quechua and Aymara highland levy infantry. They should be mainly armed with slings with a scattering of other weapons. These troops are graded Horde(Fast) in the DBM list.|
Chanca (IV/70), Chimu (IV/71), Amazonian (IV/72) and Inca (IV/81). The Inca opponent is for the numerous civil wars fought between factions vying to be Sapa Inca, or for the wars of expansion against other Quechua or Aymara speaking peoples. For these opponents you might want to substitute all the 4Ax and 5Wb for 3Ax. The Spanish conquistadors are not represented, however you could use an Inca (IV/81) army and substitute a 3Kn//4Bd element for the generals Litter element in order to fight the wars immediately after the conquest.
Essex, Naismith, Minifigs and Falcon Figures all make Inca ranges in 15mm. Sizes range from true 15mm (Naismith) to nearly 20mm (Falcon), so shop wisely. In 25mm, Ral Partha used to make a range and the Foundry have released some Inca and plan an extensive range.
See my Figure review of 15mm pre-Columbian South American figures.
See my Fantasy Miniature Wargaming in South America page for information on Inca standards, litters, and warriors.
Here is a list of the Sapa Inca.
Chris Brantley: Inca warriors are featured in the Osprey's The Conquistadores by Terrence Wise, as well as in Ian Health's Armies of the Aztec and Inca Empires, Other Native Peoples of the Americas, and the Conquistadores (Armies of the Sixteenth Century) published by Foundry Books (July 2001). Both titles are available through the De Bellis Bookstore.
Roy Beers: I have a large collection of 15mm Naismith Incas as DBX elements and they are nice stocky little figures with "attitude". The Inca army was based around four regular regiments, each representing one of the four great provinces of the empire. and these were a standing corps d'elite, who might be better dressed (wuth transverse crestded helmets) and who may have had a higher proportion of men armed with the halberds described in the article, and similar melee weapons. The rest of the army was a more or less willing levy, each with its own area symbol on the front of the headband. I suspect the royal regimental regular regiments should be somehow different from the normal Ax (in the original DBA they were rendered as an optional three 3Bd) but you could assume they and the Litter element are one and the same. Or you could dress them better and simply give them a +1 against other Aux. Strikes me that the new DBA (2.0), with its greater influence on terrain, would be particularly interesting -- lots of scope for gorges and chasms; an Inca fort would make a terrific camp.
Last Updated: August 23, 2001