Battle of Himera, 480 B.C.
With mainland Greece occupied with its Persian Wars, the Carthaginians thought that with they would face little problem in conquering the Greek colonies on Sicily. The Greek cause was saved by the ruthless determination of Gelon and Theron, leaders of Akragas and Gela who evicted Carthaginian sympathizers from the Greek cities and put up a determined opposition.
The Carthaginian general Hamilcar with a large army
came to aid of the evicted tyrant of Himera, Terilos.
Theron withstood siege and Gelon came to his aid
with a smaller but determined army. Having
tricked Hamilcar into accepting
some “allied” horsemen from Selinus to compensate for
his cavalry shortages cause by the storms during the voyage, Gelon attacked.
While the Hamilcar was engaged in his front,
the guard of Himera made a sortie and attacked from the flank. At the same time
Hamilcar's “allied” light horsemen attacked his camp
and killed him or forced him to commit suicide.
This is a 15-element battle. The three extra elements are the troops occupied with the siege of Himera.
Early Carthaginian (Modified) 2x3Cv, 4x4Sp, 1x4Aux(Spanish), 1x3Wb(African), 2x2Ps. (1x3 Aux 1x3Bw) plus beseigers: 1x4Aux(Spanish), 2x2Ps
Siciliot Greek (Early Hoplite Greek, modified):
2x3Cv, 1x2LH o, 6x4Sp, 2x3Aux , 1x2Ps plus garrison of Himera:
1x 4Sp, 1x2Ps, 1x2Ps (dismounted Lh)
The Greek is the attacker and deploys first in front of his camp minus the 3 extra elements that deploy in the BUA as the garrison of Himera, with the LH element dismounted.
The Carthaginian deploys normally, except for the three
beseiging elements which deploy in the palisade surrounding Himera..
The palisade is the Carthaginian earthworks. The BUA is the fortified city of Himera. The stream is the river Himeros and is passable.
Aux represent the chariot crews that lost their horses and chariots because of
the storms that encountered during their voyage. The extra Lh are the suspect
allies so Carthaginian LH who flees tries to flee off board and counts as Greek
Special thanks to Jona Ledering for his site www.livy.org .
Battle of Himera 409 B.C.
Hoping to avenge their defeat in 480 BC, the Carthaginians under Hannibal, grandson of Hamilcar, tried a more vigorous campaign in 409 B.C., during which they destroyed a number of Greek cities and finally laid siege to Himera. Intimidated by the size of the Carthaginian force and their siege train, which included battering rams and seige towers that overtopped the cities walls, the Greeks abandoned the defenses and tried to board every vessel they could find in the harbor with the Carthaginians hot in their heels. The victors after the battle sacrificed all the prisoners at Hamilcar’s grave. Himera never recovered after that day.
Early Carthaginian (Modified) 2x3Cv, 4x4Sp, 1x4Aux(Spanish), 1x3Wb(Gauls), 2x2Ps 2xWw (siege towers)
Siciliot Greek (Early Hoplite Greek, Modified): 6x4Sp, 1x3Aux , 4x2Ps. 1xLh
Game Map (ASCII)
Use the same map, but with the Greek player
using the board edge with the Himera BUA as baseline, and the Carthaginian
taking the opposite edge. Also, remove the palisades, which do not exist
at this time.
The Carthaginian is the attacker and deploys first in front of
his camp opposite of Himera
In addition to normal victory conditions, the Greek player can win by destroying the two seige towers. The Carthaginian must avoid Greek victory conditions.
Last Update: 17 November 2005
Thanks to Stefanos for contributing this scenario.