The Crusades in Outremer
DBA Tournament Theme
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theme covers the Crusader and Islamic armies from the First Crusade (1096 AD)
through the founding of the Crusader States of Outremer, until the fall of Acre
in 1291 AD. It encompasses numerous "Crusades" although the most famous
battles occur during the First and Third Crusades. The following timeline
gives a general overview:
First Crusade, 1096–1099,
1101. Byzantinium seeks help against the Seljuk Turks.
Pope Urban II preaches Crusade. Turks defeated at
Dorylaeum, Antioch and Jerusalme. Kingdom of Jerusalem
founded. Second wave of Crusaders arrived in 1101.
Second Crusade, 1147–1148.
Muslims take Edessa. Crusading armies under King Louis
VII (French) and Conrad III (German) relieve Jerusalem and
Third Crusade 1189–1192.
Saladin destroys Crusader army at Hattin and recaptures
Jerusalem (1187 AD). Pope Gregory VIII calls for
Crusade. Phillip II (France), Richard I (England) and
Frederick I Barbarossa (Holy Roman Emperor) lead armies to
Outremer. Barbarossa drowns in Cilicia.
Crusaders retake Acre. Philip departs in 1191 AD.
Crusaders defeat Saladin at Arsuf, but fail to take
Jerusalem. Richard makes peace with Saladin and
Fourth Crusade 1200–1204.
Initiated by Pope Innocent III, with goal of invading Egypt.
Due to lack of funds for Venetian ships and supplies,
Crusaders sack Constantinople instead and found Latin
Kingdom in Greece (i.e., the Romanian Franks).
Children's Crusade, 1212.
Stephen (France) and Nicholas (Germany) lead armies of
37,000 children to the Holy Land. Children never
actually reach the Holy Land, many dying on route or sold
Fifth Crusade 1217–1221.
Crusaders from Hungary and Austria join the King of
Jerusalem and the Prince of Antioch in campaign to recover
Jerusalem. They go on to capture Damietta in Egypt
(1219 AD), but are nearly destroyed at Cairo.
Sixth Crusade 1228–1229.
Holy Roman Emperer Frederick II lands in Palestine, and
negotiates peaceful occupation of Jerusalem, Nazareth and
Bethlehem for 10 years.
Seventh Crusade 1248–1254.
Templars in conflict with Egypt in 1243. Khwarezmian
exiles in Ayyubid service take Jerusalem. Crusaders
defeated at La Forbie. Louis IX of Franch leads French
army against Egypt (1248-1254 AD), but fails.
Eighth Crusade 1270.
Louis IX leads army with intent to aid Crusader states in
Syria, but is diverted to Tunis where he dies two months
Ninth Crusade 1271–1272.
Edward I (England) leads expedition but accomplishes little
in Syria. Retires the following year. Fall of
Antioch (1268), Tripoli (1289) and Acre (1291) mark end of
For this theme, the following armies are
III/53 Dynastic Bedouin
III/57(c) Buyid Others
III/60 Dynastic Kurdish
III/65 Fatamid Egyptian
III/73(ab) Seljuk Turk
III/75 Konstantinian Byzantine
IV/1(ab) Komnenan Byzantine
IV/2 Cilician Armenian
IV/4(b) Feudal French (special rule 1)
IV/7 Early Crusader (special rule 2)
IV/17 Later Crusader
IV/20 Ayyubid Egyptian
IV/26 Lusignan Cypriot
IV/31 Nikaian Byzantine
IV/32 Romanian Frank
IV/34 Trapezuntine Byzantine
IV/42 Islamic Persian
IV/45 Mamluk Egyptian
IV/49 Anatolian Turkoman
IV/50 Palaiologan Byzantine
IV/55(a) Ottoman Turk
IV/56(a) Order of St. John of Rhodes
Crusade of St. Louis: Feudal French (IV/4b) are aggression 4 for this Theme.
Unhorsed Crusaders: Early Crusader (IV/7) may only take 4Bd elements before 1100
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Last Updated: 10 August 2007
Comments and feedback welcome.
Input to Chris Brantley.